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76 matches found for green spring trout farms in Extension Publications

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  1. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Preliminary Screening Quiz [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Everything we do affects groundwater or surface water quality. Evaluation worksheets are available for farmstead management practices and site conditions. This preliminary screening quiz can help prioritize more detailed farmstead evaluations, which are available through the Pennsylvania Farm?A?Syst program."

  2. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "About 80% of Pennsylvania?s rural residents use groundwater to supply their drinking water and farmstead needs. Wells are designed to provide clean water. If they are not properly constructed or maintained, groundwater may become contaminated with bacteria, nitrates, and pesticides. These contaminants put family and livestock health at risk."

  3. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 2: Pesticide and Fertilizer Storage and Handling [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "When used properly, pesticides and fertilizers are effective crop management tools. However, these chemicals can endanger water quality and human health if they are not properly stored and handled. The chemicals can enter directly into the groundwater through wells or sinkholes at the farmstead or flow into surface water. When found in water supplies, pesticides normally are not present in high-enough concentrations to cause acute health effects. Instead, they typically occur at trace levels that may have effects after prolonged exposure."

  4. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 3: Household Wastewater Treatment System [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Nearly one-third of Pennsylvania residents rely on private household waste treatment systems. Maintenance of these systems is the responsibility of the home owner. Up to 50% of the solids retained in a septic system decompose while the remainder accumulate in the tank. Septic tanks need to be pumped every 3 to 5 years to prevent the solids from escaping the tank and clogging drain-fields. The frequency of the pumping depends on the size of the septic tank and the number of people it serves."

  5. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 4: Barnyard Conditions and Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "The barnyard is often the first place to look for sources of sediment, bacteria, nitrogen, and phosphorus that can contaminate surface water and, in some cases, groundwater. Barnyards are busy places that can be difficult to manage. Mud and manure in a barnyard are not only a source of pollutants, but also sources of microbes that can cause animal health problems."

  6. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 5: Milkhouse Waste Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Milking center wastewater usually is considered a dairy sanitation problem. If not carefully managed, however, dairy wastewater can contaminate surface water or groundwater. Milkhouse wastewater may contain paper towels, detergent, milk solids, fats, manure, and other organic materials that reduce oxygen levels in water as they decompose. Fish and other aquatic life need this oxygen to live. If milk is frequently poured down the milkhouse drain, milk fats can cause premature aging of a wastewater septic system due to clogging of the drain field."

  7. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 7: Petroleum Storage and Handling [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Liquid petroleum products are concentrated, effective sources of power, lubrication, and heat. Aboveground and underground storage of petroleum products such as transportation fuel and heating fuel, however, can be a threat to family and farm safety, public health, and the environment."

  8. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 8: Silage Storage Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Silage is an essential feed for livestock-based agriculture. It can be made from corn, silage crops such as grass and alfalfa, or from crop processing wastes. When properly harvested and stored, silage poses little or no pollution threat. However, improper silage-making and storing can result in liquid effluents, gases, malodors, undesirable microorganisms, and waste or spoiled silage."

  9. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 9: Animal Waste Storage Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Runoff from livestock production facilities can carry manure, soil, microorganisms, and other potential pollutants that could contaminate surface water and groundwater sources. If not managed properly, animal wastes can affect water quality and human health."

  10. 32% Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 10: Animal Waste Land Application Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Managing the land application of animal waste to protect water quality depends on applying rates based on crop requirements and soil conditions, knowing the composition of the animal waste, avoiding runoff from recent applications, and protecting the application areas from runoff and soil erosion. Runoff from fields and water leaching through soil can carry plant nutrients, soil, microorganisms, and other potential pollutants from the fields to surface water or groundwater."

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