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35 matches found for Dillsburg Farmers' Market in Extension Publications

Results 31 - 35 of 35

  1. 29% Agronomy Facts 6: Comparing Fertilizing Materials
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Nutrients are often a limiting factor for plant growth. Under natural conditions, an equilibrium is established that depends on recyling of nutrients to meet plant needs. This equilibrium is disturbed when agricultural crops are grown. Soils must provide greater amounts of plant nutrients than would be needed for natural vegetation. Also, a significant portion of the nutrients are no longer recycled but are removed in the harvested crops. Farmers must supply supplemental nutrients to the soils to ensure optimal crop growth. These supplemental nutrients come in many forms including fertilizers, animals manures, green manures, and legumes. This fact sheet concentrates on the properties of commonly used fertilizers that are important in achieving optimal plant growth."

  2. 29% Agronomy Facts 54: Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act: Who Will Be Affected? [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "In the spring of 1993, the Pennsylvania legislature passed and the governor signed the Nutrient Management Act into law. Before this legislation was passed, problems with nutrient pollution were administered under the Clean Streams Law, which dealt only with surface waters. This existing law stated that if a farmer follows practices in the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) publication (Manure Manual), no special permits or approvals are required for manure utilization on farms. The Nutrient Management Act is the first law in Pennsylvania that requires regulatory oversight of nutrient plans on certain farms. This law oversight of nutrient plans on certain farms. This law will take effect on October 1, 1997. An important question is, who will be affected by this legislation?"

  3. 29% Agronomy Facts 63: Diagnosing Soil Compaction using a Penetrometer (soil compaction tester)
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Soil compaction is a serious concern for farmers in Pennsylvania. Soil compaction can easily reduce crop yields by 10 percent, and can lead to water and soil quality degradation due to increased runoff and soil structure destruction. The continuous consolidation of farms means that herds are growing, more forage is harvested per farm, more manure is being produced, larger equipment is used to spread manure and harvest and transport forages and grain, and the opportunity to tailor field operations to optimum soil conditions for traffic is decreasing. Compaction is therefore an issue that will likely increase in importance in the years to come."

  4. 29% The Grass Keeps Getting Greener: 75 Years of Turfgrass Research and Education at Penn State [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "A history of Turfgrass Science at The Pennsylvania State University. The turfgrass program at Penn State began in 1929 with a push from outside the institution. Joseph Valentine and several fellow superintendents from Philadelphia area golf courses traveled to The Pennsylvania State College and made a request directly to the president for the initiation of a turfgrass research and educational program. They stated that they wanted to have their needs addressed the same way farmers were being served through the agricultural programs in place at that time. The president immediately agreed to their request. Within a few days, Burt Musser, a young red clover breeder in the Department of Agronomy, was assigned the responsibility for initiating such a program. In time, this half-time assignment involving a single individual expanded to become one of the largest and most prestigious turfgrass programs in the United States. Today, nine faculty members from the Departments of Crop and Soil Sciences (formerly Agronomy), Plant Pathology, and Entomology, as well as a large number of support staff and graduate assistants, are involved in turfgrass research and education at Penn State."

  5. 29% Avoiding Soil Compaction [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Twenty-first-century farm economics stimulate farmers to increase the size of their operations. To improve labor efficiency, farm equipment usually increases in size. Tractors, combines, forage harvesters, grain and forage wagons, manure spreaders, and lime trucks are all bigger than they used to be. Twenty years ago, for example, 2.5-ton box-type manure spreaders were common in Pennsylvania, whereas today liquid manure spreaders may weigh 20 or 30 tons. The increasing size of farm equipment may cause significant soil compaction that can negatively affect soil productivity as well as environmental quality. This fact sheet focuses on ways to avoid soil compaction."

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