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Penn State Cooperative Extension Publications

379 matches found for All Records in Extension Publications

Results 281 - 285 of 379

  1. Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 11: Soil Conservation Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Soil conservation protects a valuable resource and reduces the off-farm direct impacts of sediment or the indirect impacts of nutrients or pesticides that may be attached to eroded soil particles. A good soil management program has three goals: to protect the soil from erosion by water or wind; to reduce runoff from the land into surface water; and to maintain or improve soil quality."

  2. Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "About 80% of Pennsylvania?s rural residents use groundwater to supply their drinking water and farmstead needs. Wells are designed to provide clean water. If they are not properly constructed or maintained, groundwater may become contaminated with bacteria, nitrates, and pesticides. These contaminants put family and livestock health at risk."

  3. Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 2: Pesticide and Fertilizer Storage and Handling [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "When used properly, pesticides and fertilizers are effective crop management tools. However, these chemicals can endanger water quality and human health if they are not properly stored and handled. The chemicals can enter directly into the groundwater through wells or sinkholes at the farmstead or flow into surface water. When found in water supplies, pesticides normally are not present in high-enough concentrations to cause acute health effects. Instead, they typically occur at trace levels that may have effects after prolonged exposure."

  4. Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 3: Household Wastewater Treatment System [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Nearly one-third of Pennsylvania residents rely on private household waste treatment systems. Maintenance of these systems is the responsibility of the home owner. Up to 50% of the solids retained in a septic system decompose while the remainder accumulate in the tank. Septic tanks need to be pumped every 3 to 5 years to prevent the solids from escaping the tank and clogging drain-fields. The frequency of the pumping depends on the size of the septic tank and the number of people it serves."

  5. Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 4: Barnyard Conditions and Management [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "The barnyard is often the first place to look for sources of sediment, bacteria, nitrogen, and phosphorus that can contaminate surface water and, in some cases, groundwater. Barnyards are busy places that can be difficult to manage. Mud and manure in a barnyard are not only a source of pollutants, but also sources of microbes that can cause animal health problems."

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