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Penn State Cooperative Extension Publications

379 matches found for All Records in Extension Publications

Results 106 - 110 of 379

  1. Avoiding Soil Compaction [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Publications

    "Twenty-first-century farm economics stimulate farmers to increase the size of their operations. To improve labor efficiency, farm equipment usually increases in size. Tractors, combines, forage harvesters, grain and forage wagons, manure spreaders, and lime trucks are all bigger than they used to be. Twenty years ago, for example, 2.5-ton box-type manure spreaders were common in Pennsylvania, whereas today liquid manure spreaders may weigh 20 or 30 tons. The increasing size of farm equipment may cause significant soil compaction that can negatively affect soil productivity as well as environmental quality. This fact sheet focuses on ways to avoid soil compaction."

  2. Batch Mix Spreadsheet [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Penn State - Dairy and Animal Science Publications

    "A simple spreadsheet that allows you to re-calculate the amount of forage needed in a TMR as the forage dry matter changes. Data entry includes up to four ration formulations, forage dry matters, and the number of animals in a group. The spreadsheet calculates the amount of each ration ingredient needed in each batch. Also has directions for determining forage dry matter with a microwave."

  3. Begin Planning For Spring Labor Needs [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Penn State - Dairy and Animal Science Publications

    "Dairy farm businesses that produce their own crops need to recognize that their labor and managment requirements increase dramatically during planting and harvest times. "

  4. Benefits of Ultrasound in Meat Goat Breeding Programs [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Penn State - Dairy and Animal Science Publications

    "Ultrasound technology has progressed significantly to the point where its use can markedly enhance selection of breeding animals and mating decisions for a variety of meat animal species. Identification of potential breeding animals that excel in economically important carcass traits is just one criterion necessary for a successful meat goat breeding program. Other important selection criteria may include: prolificacy, milking ability of nannies, growth rate and efficiency of gain, etc. This fact sheet will focus on the use of compositional ultrasound for identifying meat goats with superior carcass characteristics."

  5. Blueprint for Success for Feeding Cattle in Pennsylvania [pdf]Get Acrobat Reader
    Source: Penn State - Dairy and Animal Science Publications

    " <p>A joint initiative of:</p> Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences The Pennsylvania Beef Council This manual provides a summary of the management and animal factors that can increase the competitiveness, predictability, quality, and value to consumers of fed cattle in Pennsylvania. Recognizing that quality beef cattle may come in many forms and that market forces may not allow even the "best" animal to be profitable, the practices outlined here are intended to help reduce the cost of production, increase the value of the product to consumers, and reduce carcass discounts affecting meat quality."

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